When done correctly, winter grazing is an effective way to keep animals fed and healthy over winter in a pastoral-based farming system when grass growth is low or non-existent.
Farmers are being encouraged to take a proactive approach to preserving their soil and water resources over winter while ensuring animal welfare standards are maintained.
B+LNZ General Manager North Island Matt Ward says simple practices such as grazing from the top of a slope, keeping the break long and narrow, back-fencing and using bale rings and portable water troughs can all make a significant difference to preventing pugging and nutrient run-off.
Building on the last year’s recommendations from the Ministry for Primary Industries-led Winter Grazing Task Force report, he says this year’s campaign has a particular focus on animal welfare.
“It is important stock are provided with loafing areas when they are on winter feed crops. This might mean a run-off block or stand-off pad or even a headland with straw provided as bedding.”
Farmers are urged to have contingency plans in case of prolonged bad weather or extreme weather events, so stock are not trampling sodden soils or feed crops.
The winter grazing campaign is just part of an on-going programme of work by B+LNZ and other organisations to inform and encourage farmers to follow best-practice management of their forage crops before, during and after grazing.
Matt says this a high priority for B+LNZ as forage crops are a valuable component of many farm systems, particularly in colder parts of the country where grass doesn’t grow over winter.
“While the vast majority of farmers are striving to do their best to protect their soils and water resources, as well as ensuring their stock are well cared for, there are often opportunities to refine management of forage crops as new science, information and tools become available.”
He says the willingness by farmers to embrace new techniques and practices has been reflected in strong interest in workshops and seminars outlining best practice management.
“For example, a virtual Southland-focused Smart Wintering workshop run by B+LNZ and DairyNZ during the level four lockdown attracted over 300 registered farmers with many more farm staff listening in.”
This workshop has been part of on-going series of workshops and seminars held across the country which have been targeting contractors, vets and farm support personal as well as farmers, particularly in regions such as Southland, Otago and Canterbury.
“There has been a concerted effort by industry to ensure they are protecting the environment and livestock at every step of the forage crop process.”
"The government has made it very clear in the Essential Freshwater proposals that winter grazing practices will once again be under close scrutiny,” says Matt.
“It is up to everyone to take responsibility and ensure they are protecting their soil and water resources and livestock.”
B+LNZ’s winter grazing campaign is supported by regional councils, DairyNZ and Ballance Agri-Nutrients.
Find out more
To understand why farmers winter graze forage crops go to: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_3zSgf6KjNs
For more information, tips and tricks about winter grazing go to: https://beeflambnz.com/wintergrazing
For more information please contact B+LNZ’s Communications Advisor Abigail Delaney on 027 209 9891.