B+LNZ’s ‘Trees within Farms’ workshop outlines how you can capture a range of opportunities. Trees provide shelter, fodder, riparian planting, erosion protection, biodiversity and aesthetic benefits – and there are opportunities presented by the Emissions Trading Scheme and various climate change mitigation programmes. See below for resources containing additional info and where to get advice.
1) Funding options and regulatory issues
The Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS)
- Download: Glossary to the ETS terms.
Funding programmes can be available to support the planting and protection of trees. Previously, central government provided funding via the Afforestation Grant Scheme and the One Billion Trees Scheme. Regional councils and other entities also provide funding. Make sure to keep an eye out for further opportunities and reach out to your regional council Land Management Advisor for the most up to date information.
- Website: Your Regional Council may have some options for your farm or community please contact them directly or visit their website.
- Website: Contact your local forestry consultant.
National Environmental Standards for Plantation Forestry (NES-PF)
MPI has developed guidance to help you understand and implement the National Environmental Standards for Plantation Forestry (NES-PF). You can download the entire guides or just the parts that are relevant to you.
- Webpage: Visit NES-PF guidance website.
Hill Country erosion fund
The HCE Fund is a partnership between MPI, regional councils, unitary authorities, and landowners that aims to plan for and treat erosion-prone land and put sustainable land management practices in place.
2) Non-pine forestry
Opportunities in the ETS apply to any tree species (excluding horticulture) capable of reaching 5m or more:
- Mānuka, in addition to the honey asset.
- Pole planting e.g. Poplar/Willow can be eligible, providing they meet the post-1989 forest land criteria, in particular the minimum 30% potential canopy cover – narrower crowns need more stems per hectare.
- Other indigenous and exotic vegetation (reversion, riparian, plantations, etc).
- Plantings must average 30m in width, and be more than 1 ha and have a 30% canopy cover.
Manuka and Bee resources
- Website: Trees for Bees.
- Webpage: Bee Food – One of the easiest ways the public can help bees is by planting bee-friendly gardens in both urban and rural spaces.
- Webpage: Bee Land Use Agreement.
- Want hives on your property? Contact your local bee keeper. Remember, winter hive sites are needed throughout the country so plant bee food friendly trees!
Poplar Pole planting
- PowerPoint presentation: Poplar Pole planting slides from Forest360.
- Webpage: Poplar and Willow Research Trust's “Guide to erosion control/spaced plantings".
- Download: Trees for the farm booklet.
- Download: Benefits from Poplars and Willows.
- PowerPoint presentation: Riparian planting slides from Forest360.
Species selection tool
The NZ Farm Forestry Association has created resources for anyone looking for information about trees to plant on farms. There are quick guides to 23 commonly available species including indigenous, cypress, fir, eucalyptus, redwood, cedar, poplar and willow. Most of the species will provide timber as well as shade, shelter and erosion control. Some will provide forage or attract birds. All will grow tall and qualify for carbon credits.
The main headings used in each guide are:
- General species description.
- Site requirements – conditions, preparation, planting and spacing.
- Establishment and maintenance − releasing, grazing and browsing, pests and diseases.
- Management and silviculture − pruning, thinning, when to harvest.
- Timber utilisation – timber properties and uses, markets and demand.
- Growth, yield, economics and carbon − carbon sequestration rate and relevant look-up tables, timber return on investment where known.
- Further reading and contacts.
The NZ Farm Forestry’s website allows you to find the right trees for the site you have in mind – taking into account wind, rain, soil and altitude. Access species selection tool
3) Tools and resources
- Website: Canopy – brought to you by Te Uru Rākau New Zealand Forest Service. This website guides you throughout your forest project.
- Website: Wilding Tree Risk Calculator – remember Wilding trees cannot with included in the ETS.
- Website: Google Earth – map your farm and trees (to locate open your browser and type in “Google Earth”). To learn how to use Google Earth, watch tutorial video.
- Download: Soil Carbon booklet.
- Download: How we measure emissions.
- Website: the B+LNZ Knowledge Hub offers a wide range of material from industry experts to help you get the information you need to make more informed decisions.